authors' instructions

submission of papers

Manuscripts should be submitted to the editor-in-chief. Manuscript is received with the understanding that the work has not been published previously, that it is not being considered for publication simultaneously elsewhere, and that the submission has been approved by all authors. Submission and acceptance of a paper implies the transfer of copyright to Multi-Science. All materials published in this journal may not be reproduced without the written permission of Multi-Science.


ethics guidelines

The Journal of Healthcare Engineering endorses and adopts the publication ethics guidelines of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) and the World Association of Medical Editors (WAME). All potential conflicts of interest related to commitments of authors, editors, journal staff, and reviewers must be disclosed. Authors are required to provide information on all financial and personal relationships that might bias their work by completing ICMJE's Conflict-of-Interest Form. For all manuscripts reporting human or animal data, statements concerning formal review and approval or waiver by an appropriate institutional review board or ethics committee should be included in the Methods section. In addition, statements concerning informed consent are required for all human studies.


manuscript preparation

The manuscript must be written in English and should not, normally, exceed 6,000 words. It is essential that all submissions should include two elements: a Word document file; and a PDF.

The metric system is to be used throughout and if it is necessary to quote other units, they should be added in parentheses.

The manuscript is expected to be written in correct and easily readable English. Authors who are not proficient in English are advised to seek help in editing their manuscripts before submission. Both English and American spellings are acceptable, but each paper is expected to follow one style consistently.


running order

Title: in concise form, with wording helping automatic searches, but no superfluous words.

Authors' names: the full names and academic degrees of all authors, with the corresponding author specified.

Authors' affiliations: e-mail addresses for all authors; postal address and e-mail address for the corresponding author.

ABSTRACT: less than 150 words written as a 'free standing' paragraph and containing key objectives, methods, results, and conclusions.

KEYWORDS: 4 or 5 keywords with 1 to 3 words each.

The text of a research article is usually divided into the following sections (CAPITALIZED MAJOR HEADINGS, Capitalized First Letters of Each Word in Subheadings, Sub-subheadings, etc., with all headings numbered):

Other types of articles, such as case reports, reviews, designs, and editorials, may be formatted differently.



Figures should be numbered consecutively according to the order in which they have been cited in the text. Use only high quality, clearly reproducible, computer-generated/processed illustrations. They should be embedded in the main manuscript file, not provided at the end of the manuscript or as separate files. When symbols, arrows, numbers, or letters are used to identify parts of the illustrations, identify and explain each one clearly in the legend. Submit written permission from the copyright holder to reproduce any previously published figures.



Number tables consecutively in the order of their first citation in the text and supply a brief title for each. Explanatory matter should be placed in footnotes, not in the heading. Explain all nonstandard abbreviations in footnotes, and use the following symbols, in sequence: *,,‡,§,||,¶,**,,‡‡. Be sure that each table is cited in the text.



Equations should be numbered sequentially in parentheses (..) to the right margin. Within the text, an equation is referred to as ‘eqn (..)’, or equations as ‘eqns ( .. - ..)’.



References to published work should be numbered sequentially in the order of citation. Identify references in text, tables, and legends by Arabic numerals in brackets. A reference list in numerical order should be given at the end of the paper. Personal communications and unpublished observations do not constitute references. For an article in a journal, the entry in the reference list must contain the following details:

Name(s) and initial(s) of the author(s). (Do not use "et al." - names of all authors must be included.) Title of article. Title of journal (italicized), year of publication; volume number (followed by the issue number in parentheses, if known): initial and final page numbers of the article.

The entry in the reference list for a book must contain the following details:

Name(s) and initial(s) of the author(s). Title of book (underlined), edition (unless first edition), publisher, place of publication, year of publication, initial and final page numbers of the part referred to, if applicable.

In the case of an edited book or conference proceedings, the name(s) and initial(s) of the editor(s) should be followed by the abbreviation ed(s). The entry in the reference list for an article in an edited book or conference proceedings must contain the following details:

Name(s) and initial(s) of the author(s). Title of article, in: name(s) and initial(s) of the editor(s) followed by the abbreviation ed(s). Title of book (underlined) or proceedings (italicized), publisher, place of publication, year of publication, initial and final page numbers of the article.

The entry in the reference list for a dissertation/thesis must contain the following details:

Name and initial(s) of the author. Title of thesis (underlined), degree awarded, University, year of award, initial and final page numbers of the part referred to, if applicable.

[1] Silva MR, Yuan ZJ, Kim JH, Wang ZG, Hoyos M, Pan YT, Gouldstone A. Spherical indentation of lungs: experiments, modeling and sub-surface imaging. Journal of Materials Research. 2009, 24(3):1156-1166.
[2] Frisch P, Miodownik S, Booth P, Carragee P, Dowling M, Patient centric identification and association. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2009, 1:1722-5.
[3] Bourbon JR. Pulmonary Surfactant - Biochemical, Functional, Regulatory, and Clinical Concepts, 2nd ed., CRC Press, New York, 1991.
[4] Cao H, Eshelman LJ, Nielsen L, Gross BD, Saeed M, Frassica JJ. Hemodynamic instability prediction through continuous multiparameter monitoring in ICU, in: Ming Chyu (ed). Advances in Critical Care Engineering, Multi-Science Publishing Company, UK, 2011, 151-177.
[5] Tanon AA. Patient safety in emergency departments: Defining the concept. PhD dissertation, University of Montreal, 2010.
[6] Health Level Seven International. HL7 Implementation Guide: CDA Release 2 - Continuity of Care Document (CCD). 2007. Accessed May 5, 2011.


manuscript review

All submitted manuscripts are first reviewed and evaluated by a JHE editor according to the following criteria:

• Originality of work (clear contributions beyond the most recent papers on the topic based on an extensive literature review)
• Healthcare relevance
• Engineering/scientific relevance
• Compatibility with journal’s aims and scope
• Importance of the work (beneficial impact on healthcare)
• Organization of the work
• Clarity in writing, tables, graphs, and illustrations
• Completeness of literature survey (inclusion of most recent references)
• Clear statement of objectives/purposes
• Soundness of methods
• Clear and systematic presentation of results
• Completeness of discussion and conclusion.

Only manuscripts with sufficient priority for publication can enter the process of double-blind (both authors and reviewers kept anonymous) external peer review by typically 5 qualified experts of our selection from authors of the cited references and well-recognized researchers in the area. The Journal of Healthcare Engineering endorses and adopts the ethical guidelines of International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) concerning privacy and confidentiality for authors and reviewers. The turnaround time varies from one to several months depending on the quality of the manuscript and the number of review/revision cycles before acceptance. Accepted manuscripts are then further reviewed and edited by the JHE Editorial Office before forwarding to the publisher.



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